The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is a central figure in the religion of Islam to whom all Muslims look towards as a source of guidance and inspiration.
It is believed that he is the last Prophet sent by Allah to all of mankind to inform them of their duties on this Earth and through which the Qur’an, the Islamic Holy Book, was revealed. The Prophet Muhammad was born in 571 CE in the city of Makkah, Saudi Arabia. His mother was Lady Amina and father Abdullah (the latter passing away before his birth).
The Prophet Muhammad lived for 63 years on the face of the Earth during which time he called people to believing in Allah and obeying His commands. Prophethood was announced at the age of 40 which was simultaneously the same time at which the first words of the Qur’an were revealed through the angel Jibra’il. (Chapter 96, verses 1-5)
The Prophet Muhammad migrated to the city of Madinah (previously known as Yathrib) at 53 years of age. He was father to 7 children, 4 of whom were girls and 3 boys. All boys died in their infancy.
He was known as Al-Amin (the trustworthy) and As-Sideeq (the honest) by the community and known for his righteous dealing and conduct in carrying out affairs. After the Conquest of Makkah in the 60th year of the Prophet Muhammad’s life, the Arabian peninsular now had religion of Islam. Delegations were sent out to tribes across the Arabian peninsular inviting them to accept Islam which they conformed to.
After a short illness, the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) passed away. His close friend and companion, Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) became the first Caliph to lead the Muslims after the demise of the Prophet (peace be upon him).